Image - Ultimate Cannabis Glossary: The Top 50 Marijuana Terms and Definitions

Posted by Bill Brink on May 17th 2023

Ultimate Cannabis Glossary: The Top 50 Marijuana Terms and Definitions

The cannabis industry has seen remarkable growth in recent years, thanks to evolving legislation and shifting perceptions. With the increased interest and legalization of cannabis in many parts of the world, it's essential to familiarize oneself with the terminology surrounding this fascinating plant. In this article, we will explore the top 50 cannabis terms and provide concise definitions to help you navigate the world of cannabis with confidence.


Cannabis refers to a genus of flowering plants in the Cannabaceae family. It encompasses three primary species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. These plants are known for their therapeutic properties and psychoactive effects.


THC, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the primary psychoactive compound found in cannabis. It is responsible for the "high" or euphoric sensation associated with cannabis consumption.


CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a non-intoxicating compound found in cannabis. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce a psychoactive effect but is known for its potential therapeutic properties.

Hemp Derived Delta-8 THC:

Delta-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-8-THC) is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. It is chemically similar to delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC), the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis, but with slight structural differences. Delta-8-THC is known for its milder psychoactive effects compared to delta-9-THC, resulting in a more subtle and less intense "high." Delta-8 THC can come from the cannabis plant or the hemp derived plant which is what we here at Serene Tree produce.

Hemp Derived Delta-9 THC:

Hemp-derived delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC) refers to the psychoactive compound found in cannabis plants, specifically in hemp varieties that contain low levels of delta-9-THC. Hemp is a type of cannabis plant that is legally defined as having less than 0.3% delta-9-THC concentration on a dry weight basis. Delta-9-THC is known for its psychoactive effects and is responsible for the "high" typically associated with cannabis consumption. However, hemp-derived delta-9-THC contains such low levels that it generally does not produce intoxicating effects when consumed in compliance with legal limits. This distinction is important as it allows for the cultivation, processing, and sale of hemp and hemp-derived products, including those containing trace amounts of delta-9-THC, in jurisdictions where cannabis with higher delta-9-THC concentrations remains restricted. Delta-9 THC can come from the cannabis plant or the hemp derived plant, the hemp derived version is what we here at Serene Tree produce.


Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in cannabis and various other plants. They are responsible for the distinct scents and flavors associated with different cannabis strains and contribute to the entourage effect.


A strain refers to a specific variety or type of cannabis plant. Each strain has its unique combination of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds, resulting in different effects and characteristics.


Indica strains are known for their relaxing and sedating effects. They typically have higher levels of CBD and lower levels of THC, making them suitable for nighttime use or managing anxiety and pain.


Sativa strains are known for their energizing and uplifting effects. They generally have higher levels of THC and lower levels of CBD, making them ideal for daytime use or boosting creativity and focus.


Hybrid strains are a combination of indica and sativa genetics, offering a balance of effects. They can vary widely in their THC-to-CBD ratios and provide a diverse range of experiences.


Cannabinoids are chemical compounds found in cannabis. They interact with the body's endocannabinoid system, producing various effects. THC and CBD are the most well-known cannabinoids, but there are over a hundred others.


Trichomes are small, crystal-like structures found on the surface of cannabis flowers, leaves, and stems. They contain cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds and contribute to the potency of the plant.


Hashish, or hash, is a concentrated cannabis product made by separating trichomes from the plant material. It is typically consumed by smoking or vaporizing.


Kief refers to the resinous trichomes that are collected from cannabis flowers. It is often used to make hash or added to joints for an extra kick.


Edibles are cannabis-infused products that are consumed orally, such as baked goods, candies, or beverages. They provide a delayed and often more potent effect compared to smoking or vaping.


A tincture is a liquid cannabis extract that is usually consumed sublingually (under the tongue). Tinctures offer a discreet and precise method of dosing.


Dabbing involves vaporizing a cannabis concentrate, typically known as wax, shatter, or budder, on a heated surface and inhaling the resulting vapor. It provides a potent and rapid onset of effects.


A bong is a water pipe used for smoking cannabis. It filters the smoke through water, providing a smoother hit and cooling the smoke before inhalation.


A joint is a cannabis cigarette made by rolling ground cannabis flower in rolling papers. It is one of the most common methods of consuming cannabis.


A blunt is similar to a joint but is made by replacing the rolling papers with a tobacco leaf wrap or cigar paper. Blunts often contain a larger quantity of cannabis.


A vaporizer heats cannabis flower or concentrates to a temperature that releases cannabinoids and terpenes in the form of vapor, which is then inhaled. Vaporizing reduces the risks associated with smoking.

Cannabis Oil:

Cannabis oil refers to concentrated extracts derived from cannabis plants. These oils can be high in THC, CBD, or other cannabinoids and are often used for medical purposes.


Rosin is a solventless cannabis concentrate made by applying heat and pressure to cannabis flower or hash. It is known for its high potency and purity.


Decarboxylation is the process of applying heat to activate cannabinoids in cannabis. It converts non-psychoactive compounds like THCA into THC, unlocking their full potential.

Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil:

CBD oil is a concentrated oil that contains high levels of CBD. It is used for its potential therapeutic effects, such as reducing inflammation, alleviating pain, and promoting relaxation.

Full Spectrum:

Full-spectrum cannabis products contain a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds found in the plant. They are believed to provide enhanced therapeutic benefits due to the entourage effect.

Broad Spectrum:

Broad-spectrum cannabis products contain a variety of cannabinoids and terpenes but are free of THC. They offer the potential benefits of multiple compounds without the psychoactive effects.


Cannabis isolate refers to a product that contains only a single cannabinoid, usually CBD or THC, in its purest form. It is devoid of other compounds found in the plant.


Sativa-dominant strains are hybrids that lean more towards sativa genetics. They often provide a cerebral, uplifting effect while still offering some physical relaxation.


Indica-dominant strains are hybrids that lean more towards indica genetics. They generally provide a more sedating and physically relaxing effect while still offering some mental stimulation.


Autoflowering cannabis plants are genetically programmed to flower based on age rather than light cycle. They automatically transition from the vegetative stage to flowering, making them easier to grow.


Cannabutter is a butter-based infusion that contains cannabinoids extracted from cannabis. It is commonly used in cooking and baking to create homemade edibles.


Topicals are cannabis-infused products, such as creams, lotions, or balms, that are applied directly to the skin. They are primarily used for localized relief from pain, inflammation, or skin conditions.

Entourage Effect:

The entourage effect refers to the synergistic interaction between various cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds in cannabis. It suggests that these components work together to enhance the overall therapeutic effects.


Microdosing involves consuming minimal doses of cannabis to experience subtle effects without feeling intoxicated. It is commonly used for therapeutic purposes or to enhance focus and creativity.


A greenhouse is a controlled environment used for cultivating cannabis. It allows for year-round production by providing suitable conditions for the plants, including temperature, humidity, and light.


A clone is a genetically identical copy of a cannabis plant. It is created by taking a cutting from a mature plant and rooting it to grow a new plant with the same characteristics.


Hydroponics is a method of growing plants without soil. Cannabis plants are grown in a nutrient-rich water solution, providing precise control over nutrient uptake and growth conditions.


Photoperiod refers to the number of hours of light and darkness a cannabis plant receives in a 24-hour cycle. It plays a crucial role in controlling the flowering process.


A pre-roll is a ready-to-smoke joint that is prepared and packaged by a cannabis company. They offer convenience for those who prefer not to roll their own joints.


A budtender is a knowledgeable cannabis dispensary or retail store employee who assists customers in selecting suitable cannabis products based on their preferences and needs.

Cannabis-infused beverages:

Cannabis-infused beverages are non-alcoholic drinks that contain cannabinoids. They provide an alternative to traditional edibles and offer a discreet and refreshing way to consume cannabis.


Resin refers to the sticky, sap-like substance produced by cannabis plants. It contains high concentrations of cannabinoids and is often collected for making concentrates or hash.


Concentrates are highly potent cannabis extracts that contain high levels of cannabinoids. Examples include wax, shatter, and live resin. They are consumed in various ways, such as dabbing or vaporizing.


A dispensary is a legally licensed establishment where cannabis and cannabis-related products are sold to consumers for medicinal or recreational purposes. They provide a regulated environment for purchasing cannabis.

CO2 Extraction:

CO2 extraction is a method used to extract cannabinoids and other compounds from cannabis plants. It utilizes carbon dioxide under specific conditions to isolate desired components, resulting in a high-quality extract.


Curing is the process of drying and aging harvested cannabis flowers to enhance their flavor, aroma, and overall quality. Proper curing improves the smoothness of smoke or vapor and reduces harshness.


Seed-to-sale refers to a system that tracks cannabis products throughout the entire supply chain, from cultivation and processing to distribution and sale. It ensures transparency, compliance, and accountability within the industry.

Cannabis Tourism:

Cannabis tourism involves traveling to destinations where cannabis is legally available for recreational use. It has become popular in regions where cannabis laws are relaxed, attracting visitors interested in exploring the cannabis culture.

Social Consumption:

Social consumption refers to consuming cannabis in public spaces or designated venues, similar to the concept of a bar or lounge. It allows individuals to enjoy cannabis in a social setting while complying with local regulations.


As cannabis continues to gain acceptance and recognition, understanding the terminology associated with this versatile plant becomes increasingly important. By familiarizing yourself with these top 50 cannabis terms and definitions, you'll be better equipped to navigate discussions, make informed choices, and appreciate the nuances of this rapidly evolving industry. Remember to comply with local laws and regulations and always consume cannabis responsibly. If you see some important terms not on this list, feel free to reach out to us on social media or sending us an email and we may add the terms you want to our ultimate cannabis glossary! 

Below are two great sources for marijuana/cannabis information:

Reference 1:

Title: "Cannabis: Medical Uses, Regulations, and Legalization"

Website: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)


The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a reputable source for drug-related information. Their section on cannabis covers medical uses, regulations, and the current state of legalization. It provides authoritative information backed by scientific research.

Reference 2:

Title: "The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research"

Website: The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine


This publication by The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine is a comprehensive report that examines the health effects of cannabis and cannabinoids. It provides evidence-based findings and recommendations based on a thorough review of available research.

These references will add credibility and reliability to your article, as they are from trusted sources known for their expertise in cannabis-related information and research.